Difference- The Creation of Otherness

The creation of otherness is a western creation which relates to an individual or something that is placed in the ‘them’ category. One example would be ethnic appropriation: used in western society. For instance people involuntary use ethnic terminology to describe people in the ‘Them category’. For example a White person would be described like ‘did you met my friend Dave, big bulky guy’ as opposed to the description of an Ethnic person being ‘Did you meet my friend Dave. Big Black Guy’. This creation of otherness however goes deeper than just ethnic appropriation. All of which comes under Binary Oppositions.


Binary Oppositions are terms which are on the opposite end of the spectrum. Whether that’s Man or Women, White or black, Civilized or Barbaric ect. However these opposites have created many stereotypes with the ideology of Us and the them. For instance with Western Society seeing themselves as the pinnacle of civilization, they see the Middle-East for instance as uncivilized. With many people seeing the middle east as misogynistic and sexist with many of the right-wing news outlets in UK for example painting a picture of Muslims as terrorists.


This Us and them Ideology is not just with the Middle Eastern ethnic group but all people of non-white descent. For instance in the Tv Series ‘Daredevil, season 1’ , the Antagonist’s are all categorized from their ethnic descent apart from the American’s. In their case they are given backstory to why there in Crime. With the Chinese, the Japanese and Russian just appropriated with the fact that they are from the Other category so that’s the reason they had to turn to crime. This exemplifies the western trait of being above the rest.

Prince Ea

(I am Not black, you are NOT white, 2015)

This term of power in Western Society is highlighted with the description of Black People throughout Western history. As you all know the history of western society with Black People has gone from slavery to Segregation to Racism to Categorization. With a result of this many different black images have been painted by the media in western society. The Tom image is one example. This paints the picture of a person who has internalized the hatred to white people who have oppressed him, usually in movies he is portrayed as a butler to the white family. The Buck is another example of a black image. This image on the other hand is the exact opposite of ‘The tom’. This image portrays black people to be highly sexual and primitive creatures. This is image is usually associated with gangsters and in the past monkeys such as King Kong for instance.


This trend however stems to rest of the world being inferior to white people ‘with a booming ‘rent a foreigner policy’ (Chen, 2016) aimed at domestic businesses that want to appear more western’. As we see people judged just on there race as being above on another person.


With these binary Opposites of us and them. There is intense pressure on Ethnic Descent in White Society to become almost White. With people made to idolise blonde playboy models and reject their Afro Hair and straighten it instead. In society today we do have some black empowering figures such as Beyonce however western society I believe have used them to keep the peace between the Black and White people. One example would be  having a token black women in a movie to show multiculturalism.This however does not solve the issue that ethnic people still have a greater challenge in breaking into the music industry than a white person for example. In order to solve this problem we need to remove binary opposites present in western society. With western society not just accepting people due to their ethnic descent but for their individual talent.



Prince EA (2015) I am NOT black and you are NOT white Available at:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q0qD2K2RWkc (Accessed: 30/5/16)


Anelise Chen (2016) China’s Rent-a-Foreigner Policy at http://www.vice.com/read/chinas-rent-a-foreigner-industry-is-still-a-real-thing (Accessed on 1/05/16)






Why is identity so important in today’s society?

Identity in the modern day society is mankind’s cling to self importance. As we conform to these new ideas as new possibilities and revolution. Since the creation of Europe and imperialism, we have sought the will of new ideas in the pursuit of new opportunities.For example: in Ancient Greece we sought to create society, philosophy. In Ancient Roman times we sought to create democracy as well as a developed system of aristocracy. These idea till this day still hold a big part of society today even though Ancient Roman existence has been long past. These civilizations changed us from the hunter gather to a worker and soon. With this deep and vast structure of society in place it has led us to many outcomes such as colonialism which has spread these imperialistic  ideals of religion and nationalism across the world.


Nowadays we review our multiculturalism as revolutionary and unique. However we can take this idea from Roman times. For instance the dissent to people of non-roman descent. For example if you were non roman you could not represent their society which is vastly similar today.


This ideal can be mirrored to Vincent Van Gogh and his value in art today. For example he was not valued when he was alive due to his background however once absent from society altogether, he then became the most famous artist that ever lived. Meaning that when your are alive and you’re not from from a particular background in the society or were not what they would like you to be they wouldn’t accept you. Since his death in itself created this non-human ethereal being. Are we to acknowledge people only when they are dead due them being conformed to society’s acceptance?


In article in the Guardian a man from the native rainforest of brazil visits the western world his view really fascinated particularly on the way for instance we ‘are used the hoarding their goods and keeping them locked up. They probably tell themselves: “I possess all these things alone. I am so clever, I am an important man. I am rich!”(Vidal, 2014) This does mean that Wealth is judged on success in western world and rather than being content to what we do we have to prove to other that we are successful.


We are all different, therefore we are all individuals with different languages and different work patterns for instance. We see only individuals as being the ones that make an effort to emphasize their individuality rather than everybody.


However with us trying to hide our individuality internally, could that be a factor that could disrupt individuality altogether? For instance dress codes and making people idolize to one way of thinking, could homogenize society. I believe this theory to be far fetched as our society is so divided already. So I don’t think society will remove itself completely from self-identification. However it does bode many question such as how do we deconstruct individuality ? Is it just a social construct or a microcosm and a niche fascination in our society. Like our earth being a tiny planet civilization in the universe.

Vidal, J (2014) The Guardian Article about an Indigenous Brazilian visiting the western world at http://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2014/dec/30/western-living-yanomami-shaman-brazil (Accessed on 20/04/16)

Chronotopia – Does Time Matter


Does Time Matter

Time I believe is a matter of no looking back.With time invented in ancient times with China having  ‘Marked candles used for telling the time in sixth century CE’(Rodgers, 2008). I believe that only humans have used time as a way of creating our modern day society. Humans living in today’s society have been born to believe time is just a part of our senses, also like the human creation of numbers. Numbers and time in itself don’t mean anything but they seem to be catalyst to our human civilization. ‘We worry about “wasting” time, as though it is a finite substance’(Hammer, 2012). I don’t understand our fascination. With society so enchained into the fact that our life ends when the clock stops.

With the world so fixated around time we have become a slave to it in our life.

As the world spins…so does the clock! We continue to base ourselves around something that isn’t real and that has no physical presence other than the clocks we create to show it.

Although I can continue to complain about humanity’s enslavement to time I believe that time is a valuable concept that we must come to accept that society has built around it. With time I believe that one of its usefulness is that it gives us the opportunity to organised our memories in into that time frame. For instance ‘that happened to in 2008 was 13’. In terms of using the element of time in our life, I believe that time is valuable resource in which it is often neglected. Although we have conjured this way of thinking of time it is often wasted. With modern day’s societies never stopping and reflecting on their lives. We keep inputting effort into time we have spent but we hardly ever reflect and look back. It is only when we are asleep is when we find time for that.

 Time in modern day society is a good concept to test and evaluate skills. For instance we can measure time spent revising and then match it up to how much we need to pass a test. In terms of metrics we need time to measure how fast a car would go. So time is used to make units such as km per hour. This speed and measurement helps us determine speed limits. Without a valuable use of timing how would we know how fast to go on certain small roads with pedestrians compared to motorways in which people need travel at a moderately fast rate but at the same time not too fast that it’s dangerous.

In conclusion I do believe that the element of time being a man creation could be seen as a form of enslavement and man-made element. On the other-hand I can also say that due to the society I grew up in that it isn’t all that bad. We can say for us to scrap this way of thinking in our modern day society would be like hindering human development. Something that has existed as an idea for thousand of the years. Yes could argue that we could find another substitute. Yet that time has not come and due to its value and usefulness in measuring productivity for instance our society. I believe the concept of time does matter and long may it exist.



Rogers, L (2008) Brief History of time at https://nrich.maths.org/6070, (Accessed on 8/04/16)

Hammer, E (2012) New York Times Blog on opinions of time at http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/01/01/on-modern-time/?_r=0 (Accessed on 9/04/16)

What does it mean to be Human

What does it mean to be Human

Being Human is what you make of it. Break the rules. Not the law but think outside the box. Being human is your sense of yourself others around you. Being human in my opinion is also to accept your inner animal. In my eyes humans are like children who had no parents and that we were feral creature for many years in the caveman ages. However we have somehow got smarter and more intellectual into the modern era. We also must remember the continuing evil traits surrounding our race. I still do believe we are the most cruelest race on the planet as we are the only animals that put so much abuse on our own kind. Other animal kingdom may have women doing different roles for instance but they don’t have racism and prejudice like we do.


Humans Greed could be argued that it is part of us being predators, however surely we have evolved into more intelligent creatures. With us being more intelligent surely we can adapt to protect animals from extinction. With us being at the top of the food chain you would think we would think wisely about our decisions and not destroy the ecosystem. This is not the case though as we have abused our power completely and we are destroying the earth. Although there is talk of us trying to curve and correct these reckless changes, I believe that there won’t be a long term solution in ages and it maybe too late. Maybe the end of humans will be when the earth has had enough of us in which it kills us in natural disasters before we kill it. Maybe the demise in itself is also part of being human and that our time is up?
western world in words

(See Fig. 1)


I then stop to think. That although we have a deep problems we can still change. We have come this far in technology, can’t we iron out the mistakes? However isn’t that what make us still animals? Instead of ‘ironing’ out the mistakes, can we actually fix them. We see that humans are able to accomplish many things. Such as Nelson Mandela and Gandhi’s triumph against injustice and Malala’s fight for education. We begin to realize that although we perceive the world to be black with only glimmers of light surely. It could also be flipped in that human life is bright creation with black spots of imperfections.


“Culturally, we are more like an entire adaptive radiation, similar to the dinosaurs, birds, and mammals, than a single biological species”

Wilson (n.d)


For me Humans still have a lot to learn. We need to look after each other and our surroundings more often and that our desire for more personal possessions may have blinded ourselves to have a future of culture less and so called perfect and divine human beings in which we play god. Our Greed could escalate and I feel this will be the end. When we slowly lose our humanity altogether and although we will be somewhat human, the soul that we once had will be truly gone.


Figure 1. Western World in Words pictures (N.D) [Diagram] At https://hague6185.files.wordpress.com/2013/07/values-wordle.jpg (Accessed on 29/03/16)


How we  are different to other Species

Wilson. D (n.d). How we  are different to other Species at http://www.humansandnature.org/to-be-human-david-sloan-wilson (accessed on 29/03/16)

Characters – How do characters engage audiences?


How do characters engage audiences?

Characters are separated into Main Characters and Sub Characters. In terms of engaging the audience most of the time the Main Characters are the main attraction for the audience. For instance in the movie ‘Marvel’s Iron Man’ we meet the comically adapted depiction portrayed by Robert Downey Jr. Why do we like him? In my opinion you obviously got to get the character’s appearance appealing to the audience. In this case he represents the genre of movie and his character depiction. For other movies it would be fitting a character that links to the genre and story. This would be the movie casters job would be to pick the perfect person in that role.

In terms of personality for a character ‘Tony is witty, intelligent, emotionally torn by his relationship with his father, desperate to help his friends, suffering from PTSD, heroic, and charming’(Reith, 2015).However In that sense the humanness of his character makes have that even deeper connection to the characters.


Characters which would depict a personality of villain for me would be Davy Jones in Pirates of the Caribbean. One element of a villainous character that they need to do is capture a negative attitude towards the audience as well as ‘what their backstory and motivations are for doing what they are doing’ (Manus, 2012).

In the movie we see a cruelness in Davy Jones’s personality as he enchaines people to his own cause. This characterisation really does help set up the construction of the film. Without these visual standout characteristics for the villainous characters how do we engage the audience? How do we present these standout differences between good and evil.


However on both sides in this instance Davy Jones and Iron Man are also presented with imperfectness.This gives the audience a deeper connection to them being life like and human. As the saying goes no one is perfect, we develop like real life relationships to these characters such as an emotional attachment. For instance I was consumed and heartfelt by Iron Man’s father problems, relationship issues, arrogance and eccentric lifestyle that had convoluted his vision. For me I want to reach out and share the load and help him on his mistakes. However once we take a step backwards we then to realise that they are not real and that this is just a very effective way at developing a deep emotional bond with. This emotional bond for character to publicly shown in events such Comic Con in which we will display our love for our specific characters. When i was young iron man inspired me to be a free thinking person.

Question to why Tony Stark is such as likable character

Reith. H (2015). Question to why Tony Stark is such as likable character at https://www.quora.com/What-is-it-about-Tony-Stark-that-makes-his-character-so-likeable (Accessed on 22/03/16)

Manus. D (2012). Expert view on what makes a good villain at http://www.scriptmag.com/features/ask-the-expert-how-to-create-a-great-villain (Accessed on 22/03/16)


The Voice over

The Voice over

There are many different types of voices over which feature throughout different movies. Each with different meanings and effects. Many people who watch movies think narration in movies  

be only neutral. However this interpretation can easily lead the viewer astray or into the directors trap.


Fight Club

In the movie Fight Club, the voiceover is the voice of Tyler Durdan: the main protagonist in this twisted and distorted movie. In this story he narrates his life and his perception of the world. We are led to believe his personal views are truthful and that a lot of the events in the movie are really happening however as Tyler Durden’s mind starts to unravel we begin to understand that he is  not truthful at all and that his mental well being in the movie is also reflected in the narration, he is not in control. or maybe it’s ‘a projection of the Narrator’s own psyche, what we might call ‘multiple personality disorder.’ (Myers, 2013) This subjective voice-over is something that many and me personally fell for in the movie first time around of watching. One of reasons for us falling for this twist is that the movie is so good at portraying of objective stance in narration. This makes it so believable that he is just an insomniac person who narrates the problems which are exhibited around in his day to life.


Shawshank Redemption

In the movie Shawshank Redemption Morgan Freeman portrays a completely opposite type of narration to Edward Norton in Fight Club, as we go back to that element of trust for narration. With the movie presented as a pastime tale as we look into the life of Ellis Boyd and Andy Dufresne. The movie as a whole helps us experience (with Morgan freeman’s voice) the great story of Andy Dufresne and how he got into prison and how he got out. This Neutral type of voice over is the most commonly used as it acts out the voice of god in which the reader can trust the voice over completely. Morgan Freeman does perfect job of with his ‘night time story before you go to bed’ tone of voice.



The movie Rocky also uses a different type of narration. This narration happens in the movie when Rocky is shell shocked from critical hit in the final fight and in this brief lapse we are locked in slow motion with Rocky, with Rocky telling himself ‘remember what you said to the kid, it ain’t about how hard you can hit, it’s about how hard you can get hit and keep moving forward!’ This use of subjective narration makes you really connected to Rocky as the movie allows us to get inside the mind of Rocky bringing us ever closer to the character Rocky himself.

See Fig. 1.)

Voiceover isn’t just narration it could also mean the absence of the something such as the mouth and bearer of the voice. – The voice without bearer is a term that relates to many movies. With the body presence or that the mouth is missing. For instance in ‘The Dark Knight Rises’ –  The character Bane has a mask on his face and his voice is muffled. This masked presence brings different persona to if he didn’t have the mask on and in my opinion completely changes the atmosphere in many of the scene he is in. With him having mysterious persona as well as a uniqueness which stands out from everyone else.

This voice without a bearer is also used in the Wizard of OZ when Dorothy meets the Wizard of Oz. Due to the hype of the name the ‘wizard of OZ’ we instantly our met with our first expectation with this huge head and huge power. However we are then deceived when the Wizards is only the to be revealed as small wizard is behind a machine.


Myers. S (2013) Desciption of the Fight Club narration at http://gointothestory.blcklst.com/2013/02/studies-in-voice-over-narration-fight-club.html (Accessed on 20/03/16)


Figure. 1. Rocky Picture (1976) [Picture] At: https://simonsylvester.files.wordpress.com/2014/03/rocky-balboa.jpg (Accessed n 20/3/16)